Executive Function Strategies Blog

The Relationship Between Executive Function and ADHD in Children

Editor's note: This week, we feature guest blogger Dr. Elizabeth Hayward. Please read her full bio below.

Parents of a child who has been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often learn that their child also struggles with executive functioning. Executive function skills are those self-management skills that help us to set and achieve goals, including prioritizing, planning, organizing, initiating, self-monitoring, and adapting. These skills allow a child to engage independently and successfully in goal-oriented behavior, whether it’s completing homework or cleaning her room. It can be confusing to parents how executive functioning is actually related to ADHD.  Parents may wonder, do all children with ADHD struggle with executive functioning? Does trouble with executive functioning automatically indicate ADHD in children?