Infographic: When Do Executive Function Skills Typically Emerge in Children?


As Executive Function coaches, parents frequently ask us what skills are typical for students to have mastered by a certain age. The answer is often complex, as each child is unique — a child's learning profile, developmental history, environment, and life experiences all interact to influence how and when Executive Function skills emerge and solidify. We've created this handy infographic below to help parents get a sense of the types of Executive Function skills that are typically emerging for most students as they move through school and into adulthood. The good news for students who are struggling with these skills is that they can improve their capacities to manage their impulses and emotions, plan and prioritize their work, manage their time, and gain self-awareness. Students and adults who have a toolbox of customized strategies are equipped for success in school, in their careers, and in their personal lives, as well.

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About the Author

Jackie Stachel

Jackie Stachel is the Director of Communications for Beyond BookSmart. She joined the company in 2010 and is based in our Boston branch. Jackie leads Executive Function presentations for parent groups throughout Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Additionally, Jackie manages our You Tube channel as well as our company blog content through editing submissions, writing articles, and collaborating with professionals from outside Beyond BookSmart to create useful, informative content. Finally, Jackie coaches students supporting them in learning and developing Executive Functioning strategies.

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