As Executive Function coaches, parents frequently ask us what skills are typical for students to have mastered by a certain age. The answer is often complex, as each child is unique — a child's learning profile, developmental history, environment, and life experiences all interact to influence how and when Executive Function skills emerge and solidify. We've created this handy infographic below to help parents get a sense of the types of Executive Function skills that are typically emerging for most students as they move through school and into adulthood. The good news for students who are struggling with these skills is that they can improve their capacities to manage their impulses and emotions, plan and prioritize their work, manage their time, and gain self-awareness. Students and adults who have a toolbox of customized strategies are equipped for success in school, in their careers, and in their personal lives, as well.